Saudi Aramco: The Company and the State
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For the past two years, Saudi Arabia has prepared to place its national oil company on the stock market. Officials talked up the Saudi Aramco initial public offering (IPO) with international exchanges and global banks. It seemed like a great idea that the world's largest oil producing company, valued at $2 trillion, would become the world's largest ever traded stock.
There are many companies in the world which move and shake markets but perhaps no other organization essential to running a country. Aramco is unique and it runs no ordinary country. Saudi Arabia plays a key role in moving global oil prices. The oil market affects everyone on the planet directly or indirectly. Oil prices have developed and destroyed economies - Sudan and Venezuela being the most recent examples. So that company shedding its cloak of secrecy and deciding to go public is a huge deal. Specially for Saudi Arabia which is run by a monarchy and its affairs cannot be publicly evaluated or scrutinized.
The proposed listing of the national champion was a central part of the young Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's Vision 2030, a reform drive aimed at restructuring the kingdom's economy and reducing its dependence on oil revenue.
"I think there was a strong case for the IPO and there still is for the selling of a stake of Saudi Aramco and there are lots of reasons for it," explains Jim Krane, an energy researcher at Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy. While Saudi Arabia, like other Gulf states have been trying to move away their economies from oil dependency for years, "the specter of climate action has finally made the Saudis get serious about it. And really the only way to diversify is through Aramco and Aramco is the source of revenues that the Saudi state needs to build other economic sectors."
The Kingdom holds about 16 percent of the world’s oil reserves and is the largest exporter of petroleum among OPEC countries. Nearly half of the country's GDP comes from oil and Aramco itself employs 65,000 people.
The concerns about radical changes in strategy put a spanner in the works for Saudi Aramco's public listing. For the first time in its history, an IPO would bring full public disclosure of Aramco's financial details, a feat that has never been made public.
"Probably the biggest downside is the transparency that would have resulted around Saudi oil reserves," says Krane, a number that doesn't move beyond 260 billion barrels. "If Saudi Aramco would have listed shares on the NYSE or the London stock exchange, the regulators would have forced Saudi Arabia to come clean on all of its reserves, how much of that is proven probable or otherwise."
A lot has changed since Mohammed bin Salman's international public relations drive such as the imprisonment of top Saudi businessmen, the murde r of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, the continued wa r on Yemen, and the Saudi-led blockade on neighbouring Qatar. That has resulted in a flight of capital, reduced foreign investment, increased Saudi borrowing and a halt on Saudi Aramco's IPO.
This is not the first time reforms have been promised in Saudi Arabia. "In many ways, Mohammed bin Salman resembles his grandfather Abdul Aziz al-Saud," according to Chas Freeman, former US Ambassador to Saudi Arabia. The late leader united the country "with tribal marriages...conducted a wa r in the Saudi south, which took land from Yemen...suppressed religious uprisings and it worked." Whether his grandson's current ambitions will work is "unknown," says Freeman.
Aramco owns the largest refinery in the US, Motiva, and hundreds of facilities across the globe and funds universities, think-tanks, lobbying firms and controls a vast media empire. That money shapes policy and perceptions while also covering up criticism of the kingdom.
Saudi Aramco's failure to launch and a young leader's stumble from one crisis to another are directly linked. There is an urgency to rush into things but also a lack of experience. "That is really like planning for the growth of a nation, not the exit of an IPO," says Chad Brownstein, a hydrocarbon investment analyst and CEO of Rocky Mountain Resources. "And the growth of a nation takes a lot more planning than a couple of months."
Saudi Aramco: The Company and the State examines the reasons behind the ambitious offering, the politics of Saudi oil, the strategic importance of Aramco, a faulty evaluation, the challenges of transparency and what it means for an ambitious Prince's 'Vision 2030'.
Filmmaker: Osama bin Javaid
Camera: Sherein Emam, Bobby Gunawan
Editor: George Joseph
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- Follow us on Twitter: twitter.com/AJEnglish
- Find us on Facebook: facebook.com/aljazeera
- Check our website: www.aljazeera.com/
#AlJazeeraEnglish #Aramco #SaudiArabia

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    mole dong

    Hahaha,,, OIL is not renewable. >> Someone is lying...

  • Paladan Hunt
    Paladan Hunt

    To all the Greenies! Park your cars/disconnect your electricity/ dump your iPhone/grow your on grub/use no batteries, live in a hole in the ground, recycle all your Drugs/ Beauty ??? Poisons / survive in your City! Show the rest of us the WAY! NOW! All Earths resources are Green! Big Pharma is very very dirty all Chemical mixtures test on poor Africans /Kidds and other Middle East POOR FOLKs sold out by their Chiefs! Etc etc etc! WTFKUP! NOW!

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    Mohammad bin salman Asl

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  • 5 Star Vids
    5 Star Vids

    The pretend President Ronald McDonald lol lol

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    5 Star Vids

    They talk like Starwars

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    5 Star Vids

    Why they wear those stupid tea towels on their heads why dont they just get casual pants and shirt or a suit why all the pantomime dressup joeseph and the tehcacolour Coat plava. Looks like they about to do a christmas play lol lol lol get on the donkey lol lol.

  • 5 Star Vids
    5 Star Vids

    Bunch of show offs who are vain and dress funny.

  • Lasse
    Lasse

    Geo Politics, they need to be more transparent

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    amir ali

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  • boxerpop82
    boxerpop82

    All of the people being interviewed except the former us ambassador Freeman are jewish. Figured everyone should know that.

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  • Gerrit Kommers
    Gerrit Kommers

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    love love

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  • weasley potter
    weasley potter

    They were right to diversify. Clearly

  • florabelle antonio
    florabelle antonio

    Al jazeera is so obsessed with Saudi...lol!!

  • Mabihina Fff
    Mabihina Fff

    ههههههههههه الايادي الناعمة لا تقوى على القتال ٠٠٠ فماتت بقرها هالممحونة ٠٠ ردم سد بسرعة الضوء يا خامنئي البرادعي ٨٠٠٠٠ و الاعمال بالنيات

  • Đemal Delić
    Đemal Delić

    The Arab will sell everything just for a smile.

  • sofia Pollard
    sofia Pollard

    It is all about human greed...take their money to their grave😊

  • Mortum Rex
    Mortum Rex

    That terrible camera work and that stupid dramatic music makes this work look amateurish.

  • R SM
    R SM

    Who in his right mind would spend that much a dinosaur industry? The Saudi leadership is out of touch with reality

  • David Lovell
    David Lovell

    Is Elon Rich? Is he jo lovell on a moto.. Green thought?

  • Friki Grom
    Friki Grom

    I recently just started investing in bitcoin when I learnt it was $60000 through the help of Luiz and just an hour ago I got a profit of $9000 into my wallet

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      Friki Grom

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  • Suroso Suroso
    Suroso Suroso

    Hadirkuu

  • Daniel Reed
    Daniel Reed

    OMG tRump is such an embarrassment... the orange clown 🤡

  • Clithero
    Clithero

    Full disclose for American Industrialist's, how ironic. Keep the cards close to your chest SA

  • Clithero
    Clithero

    Would Love to see an Arab Audit of USA's Oil industry in full disclosure. Not happening

  • Beat von Kanel
    Beat von Kanel

    Saudi Arabia is the history of the British empire.

  • den smith
    den smith

    oil well never go away. But the future use of it may be less.

  • Goldcic Vibefel
    Goldcic Vibefel

    🙋🐥🚀

  • Kory Rude
    Kory Rude

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  • Patrick
    Patrick

    U.S. reigns supreme get over it

  • Patrick
    Patrick

    We blow all there ish up y would we not do it again

  • Patrick
    Patrick

    Can someone that actually knows about this educate me plz

    • Adam Adam
      Adam Adam

      Its self explanatory.. Watch it carefully you idiot... however a dumb a*s like you should not watch such stuff anyways..

  • Aston Lee
    Aston Lee

    Ironically seems like what Khashoggi was trying to unveil is what they doing now and then murdered him for it anyway

  • Clark James
    Clark James

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    sujata shinde

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  • sujata shinde
    sujata shinde

    Saudi prances as brother

  • Customer Service
    Customer Service

    They'd better outlaw electric cars and encourage the rest of the world to do the same or their only export is going to be sand

    • Yosuf
      Yosuf

      They still have a margin and car oil consumption does not even represent 30% of oil use. I think they'll be okay, don't you? Also, electric cars face a lot of problems that will need to be dealt with before being widely adopted as a main transportation mean by the public.

  • kwaku oppong
    kwaku oppong

    Saudi Arabia needs a Sovereign fund similar to Norway, be a financial hub like Singapore and boost tourism for middle class foreigners. In the case of Aramco divide it into 2 companies would make sense. 1 side goes public and 1 side stays private as well as moving to make public some parts of the value chain.

  • kwaku oppong
    kwaku oppong

    Why do outsiders always think they have a right to talk about what other countries are doing & who's leading who. Stay in your lane.

  • Ange Cosetta
    Ange Cosetta

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  • northern girl
    northern girl

    The acronym leader is not a reformer. His mentality is still that of desert dwelling, camel riding peasant who hates women and especially westerners He has a clever PR firm behind him helping him wear jeans, appear in a Starbucks with a cup of java in his hand and making loud playgrounds in Riyadh to get approval from the under 40s in the country. Behind those cold brown eyes is a wanna be Joseph Stalin who has turned his country into a police state. He made a big deal of allowing women to drive. A woman did just that and has been imprisoned and tortured for months for daring to act like she lives in a free country. Look behind the facade.

  • Sir. Joshua Ra'Ne. Doebler
    Sir. Joshua Ra'Ne. Doebler

    Have you ever been to a victoria secret store looking for women's underwear in Memphis? Probably, strangely uncomfortable if your a man though? The Saudi flag doesn't look peaceful at all really!

  • Habib Rahil
    Habib Rahil

    Help me plzz 😭😭😭 Malik Salman

  • Omar Khattab
    Omar Khattab

    Put the crazy Lunatic Bin Salman out of circulation .....

  • RSJ
    RSJ

    clearly the problem is saudhi document and no saudhi speaking ,just foreigners speaking on saudhi business

  • Omar Salih
    Omar Salih

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  • Jake Bottams
    Jake Bottams

    Grab Lauren Mercer take her away

  • Look Closer
    Look Closer

    Saudi Arabia will fall once the Oil runs out.

  • MF Khaleel
    MF Khaleel

    Jeez they trusted Donald Trump to dance with the sword

  • MF Khaleel
    MF Khaleel

    Next up NK

  • Alfred Lugo
    Alfred Lugo

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    Christian Rodriguez

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  • Ruman Khan
    Ruman Khan

    I urge al jazeera news to make my comment go viral all over saudi arabia

  • Ruman Khan
    Ruman Khan

    I come to saudi Arabia on the 2 nd of march a fter landing at the airport I am still fascinated by the way the people of saudi arabia have been using it I am really impressed with the fact that the people of saudi arabia are much better there is on comparison all over the world there are many people who have salman bin abdul aziz sir and mohammad bin salman sir because fo these two great people of saudi arabia We have chosen millions of bengalis to day so I always pray to allah later I prag in the name of salman bin abdul aziz sir and mohammad bin salman sir may allah know who has chosen them for thousands of years and may zeno come to the side of poor and miserab people like us all his life and I pray to allah after the prayer that o allah you make me the owner of 500 crore real estate I will open a huge establishment in our bangladesh in the name of saudi salman bin abdul aziz sir and mohammad bin salman sir tsar name dimu salman bin abdul aziz sir and mohammad is the name of bin salman sir and I do this prayer to allah may allah know me once In a lifetime but give me the suzuk to meet salman bin abdul aziz sir and mohammad bin salman sir once in a lifetime I will teel very blessed with the money... I love saudi arabia

  • Michelle Nguyen
    Michelle Nguyen

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    YahBoiHammy

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  • Jake Bottams
    Jake Bottams

    I'm lonely

  • Charles Wilson
    Charles Wilson

    How can peanut brains run a country.

  • Prabhat Kumar
    Prabhat Kumar

    Remove Internet

  • Phenomenal Female
    Phenomenal Female

    So what is the best Oil stock/ETF to buy now March 2021? Should an investor buy an ETF that has Saudi Aramco as the largest holding w/ a 5 star Morningstar rating? Most say oil is going up in 2021.

  • Phenomenal Female
    Phenomenal Female

    Saudi Aramco went public with the world's largest-ever IPO on Wednesday morning, with shares surging more than 15% in two days of trading & giving the state oil giant a valuation of $2 trillion.Dec 11, 2019

  • Sajad Pir Ahmadian
    Sajad Pir Ahmadian

    für eine Nutzung im Umweltinteresse

  • K N
    K N

    the guy at 5:02 spoke facts; pretty much summarized the whole deal

  • Insight Stories
    Insight Stories

    Murderer crown prince, leave chair........

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    Sandy Yu

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  • Kabir miah
    Kabir miah

    9/11 every one knows it was done by America why? The government is evil and Allah will punish them

  • Ryan
    Ryan

    F€£¥ al jizzera

  • KIMBERLY RAMSEY
    KIMBERLY RAMSEY

    KOMOESTA/ AT AMERICA AT SAINT LOUIS MISSOURI NON- RELIGION:; ESPRESSED (I AM NOT) WHOM CREATED THIS PLASE EARTH/[( I ACKNOWLEDGE SPASE)] / IT IS 2 021/ [(I SEEKED WEALTH I M NOT WEALTHY)] ANDETH THOSE KOMPLETE STRANGERS DUE SUCH/ STEREO- TYPE IGNORANCE/ GOING AROUND PRETENDING TAH BE [(KMR/ TATS)] THE CLINTON PEABODY IS PLASE OF RESIDENCE:; (NOT FROM):; SAINT LOUIS MISSOURI WOULD NT NEVER EVER MOVED THIS PLASE/ CALIFORNIA GARDENSZ SOUTHSIDETH OF SAINT LOUIS MISSOURI CONSPIRACY [( I M GUEST)] ANDETH THE TRUTH WILL BE REVEALED (PASSPORT TIMETH) ANDETH I M NOT NEVER EVER/ OF MY CHOICE:; [(NOT I DON T THREATEN)]:; ANDETH I DON T TAKE THREATSZ/ NO FANTASY NO ILLUSIONS IF THOSE KOMPLETE STRANGERSZ DIDETH AS THEY DID AT AMERICA AT THEIR KOUNTRY ANDETH MANY OTHERSZ THEY D BE:; THEY RE AS UNCLEAN DEMONIC DEMONSZ THEY RE WOMEN STINC FOREVER NO GOOD WICKED WITCHZ DOGSZ :;HATETH THEY VEHEMENT HATE FOREVER ANDETH THAT NO-GOOD DOG THAT SERPENTINE NEXT DOOR VERY ILL HE IS VERY ILL EVERYTIMETH THEY LIE THEY LL FOREVER STINC ETC FOWL :; THEY RE AT AN FANTACY ILLUZION THEY DON T (KNOW ME ANDETH WON T NEVER EVER):! DOWN STAIRZ NEXT DOOR NEXT DOOR NEXT DOOR VERY FOWL/ WHOM EVER YOU MIGHT LIVE AT AN HOUSE THOUGH IF THOSE DEMONIC DEMONZ WOULD HAVE BROUGHT COCCATRICE BUGSZ YOUR HOUSE YACHT ETC WHATETH WOULD YOU DUE/ ( I LIKE LOVE KLEANLINESS/ ) [(WE)] DID NT NO COCCATRICE BUGSZ SOME TRAITOR HOW THE EXTERMINATORSZ SO THEY GOT MAD OR AN PIMP OR DRUG LOSER/ ETC/ (WE NO) COCCATRICE BUGZ:; IF OKORIE RAMSEY HAD/ETH ANYTHING TAH DUE SUCH J/J RAMSEY DUMB SON ANDETH JOSHUA^/ TYRONE PAYNE DUMB SON /TYRONE PAYNE DECEASED/ ^/NON- RELIGION NOT OF THE BIBLE VERY ILL VERY ILL VERY ILL/ HATE TRAITORSZ THEY RE SO DUMB GUST WATCH IGNORANT:; WRONG PERSONSZ:;/ YOU LL UNDERSTAND UNO-DAY OF WHY:; [(NOT I NO SOSIALIZE)] DAVID IS GROWN THOUGH THAT DOOR OFF LIMITATIONS ANDETH THAT SKREEN DOOR/ ETK /GUST BEKAUSE CLINTON PEABODY MEANS NOTHING / (,MATURE PERSONSZ MOVETH-ON) THOUGH ESPRESSED (MUSHOS GRASIAS GRASIAS):; READING IT IS 2 021 I AM NOTETH WEALTHY SEEKED I AM NOT WEALTHY SEEKED I AM NOT WEALTHY SEEKED( NOT I ) DON T SOSIALIZE DEMONIC DEMONZ NEVER EVER FOREVER:; (ADIOS):;

  • евгений комиссаров
    евгений комиссаров

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  • Suli Youtube
    Suli Youtube

    Mbs is the greatest leader in the world wether you like it or not , you just can’t see him on the top , keep dreaming until you won’t wake up, cause mbs is on the top

  • ام عمر ام عمر
    ام عمر ام عمر

    السلام عليكم ورحمت الله وبركاته اخوتي انا اختكم ام عمر نزحنه اللى المخيمات بريف ادلب مقيمة عله الحدود السورية التركية زوجي استشهد في سبيل الله واحتاج مساعدتكم يااهل الخير والله وضعنه سيئ يعلم الله يااخوتي اناشدكم بالله ساعدونه والله حق طعام ناكل ماعنه الي يحسن يساعدنه يساعدنه والله يجعلها ميزان حسناتكم.....

  • Albert Owusuansah
    Albert Owusuansah

    The new technology is stop ✋ oil polluting the world 🌎 with fossil oil and new technologies are ready to turn from oil into new green technologies to help the climate of proper economic development and pure longevity of world 🌎 habitat.??????

  • Albert Owusuansah
    Albert Owusuansah

    Saudi aramco is the powerful house 🏠 of oil and much oil to supply all the world 🌎.????But the financial statements were very wrong 😑 for the kingdom’s resources that cannot be acceptable to cheat the world market for more serious money 💰.?????

  • Adam Hudeib
    Adam Hudeib

    How

    • Adam Hudeib
      Adam Hudeib

      Paying my

  • Adam Hudeib
    Adam Hudeib

    You aren't showing

  • Mesut Sundu
    Mesut Sundu

    Approximative hundred years revenue of Saudi Goverment is only petrolium product. İt is madness. You should not rely on only one way. The world is changing day by day. Hopefully they will use their brain before oil end.

  • Grimshaw Grummage
    Grimshaw Grummage

    fracking is not profitable, loads of oil companies in US have gone bust. Fracking was propped up by wall street who threw too much money to oil companies but has proven to be the most expensive way to get oil from the ground. Part of the reason was cheap oil supply for OPEC which brought the barrel price down too much for fracking in the US to be profitable

  • piper.spirit
    piper.spirit

    I wouldn't go anywhere near the ipo, the shares are toxic - too much fraud/corruption/lack of transparency.

  • Shahin Shahabi
    Shahin Shahabi

    why USA has no problem with human rights and freedom and democracy and women’s rights and Terrorismus und Religion. So much so that journalists can be killed ??

  • Baleed Ali
    Baleed Ali

    Ok I will do the Yemen if u dont.

  • 9xprincess
    9xprincess

    Now do Qatar 😂

  • Ghannam A
    Ghannam A

    Corrupted a Company and State.

  • Amaro
    Amaro

    Aramco is 1 of the companys they have theres another 10 companies like aramco in Saudi... Saudi money is shockingly behind ur imagination

  • Xon Deez
    Xon Deez

    muhammad saw said that arabia is going fall anyways before the major signs so its probably because oil will run out.

  • Andrey
    Andrey

    False information on their worldwide production share

  • Daniel elias Risk telleria
    Daniel elias Risk telleria

    Son todos unos traidores y el abogado es el primero que me dio un tiro acostado en el 2012 para dejarme tapado me defiguro el estómago y me perforó varios órganos en lesiones de1 grado para llevar al azur por mi malditos traidores ya imbomucfados ni la policía ni nadie iso nada todo lo ocultaron en el Palacio todo se quedó oculto Dios me ama y me cuida no e visto el primero qué aga él frente qué Dios no le mandé juicios

  • Daniel elias Risk telleria
    Daniel elias Risk telleria

    Traidores

  • Chaus Sufian.
    Chaus Sufian.

    Sleep know skis cow or Pizarro half born

  • THE BLASTOFF
    THE BLASTOFF

    What they need to do is create a subsidiary and that THAT public. It’ll be impossible to the saudis customs and ways they handle biz to take aramco public. Never going to happen

  • Peter Ernst
    Peter Ernst

    Aramco has to diversify its revenue base away from oil to green technology by buying companies that are successful in these new technology areas. For ex, by buying air taxi drone service companies. You see this happening in places like Singapore and Dubai.

  • travel vlogs UH
    travel vlogs UH

    Few hundred billion pounds of investment required to bring about improvements to expand economy of Saudi Arabia & neighbouring countries.

  • travel vlogs UH
    travel vlogs UH

    Need to build 40 million new homes straight away in Syria & neighbouring countries.

  • travel vlogs UH
    travel vlogs UH

    Saudi Arabia, can expand its economy by many times, although they must not make big mistakes such as have western culture etc... only western which is compatible with Islam should be allowed.

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